Computer systems are currently considered the central storage of data of enormous value, being vulnerable due to movement through cyberspace, so-called cybercrime starts from a search for illegal information to access, interfere, abuse, tampering with data and systems, which is already criminalized in the penal code and conventions all around the world.
“Digital Forensics Investigators: These investigators specialize in investigating digital evidence crimes. They use various techniques to do this, including computer forensics and mobile device forensics.”
This form of crime has become ubiquitous in all digital spheres, which intensifies its development and the creation of new crimes. Crime scenes, perpetrators, instruments, and, above all, the “modus operandi” have been transformed by the digital age, and cybercrime has taken hold in the global computer network.
The devices used to commit a cybercrime contain both digital and physical evidence, making a thorough knowledge of computer forensics essential, a science capable of examining a digital scene and identifying the other elements of cybercrime, and obtaining thus investigations of great police and judicial value.
The network has security flaws and the lack of responsible use by the population makes it vulnerable. Therefore, the identification and analysis virtue of computer forensics generates hope for security in the most frequented environment, the internet.
The main objective is to discover the integration of computer forensics in cyber investigations, its concept, its analysis methodology, the role of the expert, the main strategies, and the tools to be used by the responsible bodies.
The following specific objectives derive from these general objectives.
- Identify digital and physical evidence and its treatment.
- Break down the phases of the forensic investigation.
- Link the figure of the computer forensic expert and the investigation.
- Understand the importance of its application and continued integration into cyber investigations.
The expert agency in social network management estimates that 490 million people have become new Internet users, which is equivalent to more than 53% of the world’s population that interacts with the web.
The internet is a double-edged sword: on the one hand, the benefits are the greatest in history, but at the same time, we recognize the enormous damage caused to people and infrastructure, and information systems weaken their foundations such as reliability, integrity, and accessibility.
Due to the increase in the storage of information on the network, it has become a more vulnerable system to become a victim of cybercrime, often creating atypical and artisanal scenes and means that are very difficult to identify and analyze.
The innovation of cybercrime sometimes limits the action of computer engineering or other sciences, due to the lack of specific knowledge, we must not forget that it is a crime and that, for this reason, criminological and forensic research must be applied.
The science capable of interpreting, guiding, and identifying cyber investigations is computer forensics which, through techniques, strategies, and tools, will make it possible to know with certainty the clues, perpetrators, modus operandi, and instruments of computer crimes.